Slave Culture:
"Honest and fair service to the Lord and all mankind everywhere"

Few slaves had personal memories of Africa, and the vast majority spoke English and worshipped the Christian God. Yet, owing to the African heritage of their forebears and their experience in bondage, slaves developed a distinctive set of beliefs and practices that were manifestef in art, cuisine, music, dance, religion, and patterns of work and leisure. This cultural repertoire - articulated in ethical imperatives and conceptions of appropriate social relations - was both a resource for coping with a world they could not control and a product of their ongoing conflict with their owners. (Remembering Slavery, the book: chapter 4, page 165)

Harriet Smith
Laura Smalley
Esther Rolle reads the words of Caroline Johnson Harris